Weather Word of the Day
August 10, 2020
Indian Summer -
A period of unseasonably warm and sunny weather that occurs from late September to mid November. In parts of the country, the first killing frost of the season must occur before a late autumn warm spell can be coined 'Indian Summer'.
August 9, 2020
Zodiacal Light -
A softly luminous cone of white light visible from an hour or so after sunset or before dawn. The cause of this pre-dawn or post-dusk light is created by sunlight that reflects off of grains of dust in space between the Earth and the Sun. To an unknowing observer it can be mistaken for a glare of city lights on the distant horizon.
August 8, 2020
Tropic of Capricorn -
The Tropic of Capricorn is an imaginary line of latitude going around the Earth at approximately 23.5 degrees south of the equator. It is the southernmost point on Earth where the sun's rays can be directly overhead. On the day of the Northern Hemisphere's winter solstice, the sun will be directly overhead at noon here.
August 7, 2020
A layer of subsoil that remains at a temperature of 32 degrees or colder throughout the entire year. Areas that have permafrost are mainly confined to high latitudes near the poles as well as high mountain ranges. The warming climate that is being experienced on Earth is decreasing the areal coverage of permafrost.
August 6, 2020
The Exosphere is the outermost layer of the atmosphere. It extends from the top of the thermosphere and is 6,200 miles thick. In this layer, atoms and molecules escape into space and satellites orbit the earth. Some scientists place the outer reaches of the exosphere about 120,000 miles from the earths surface, making it near the half way point to the moon.
August 5, 2020
In Situ -
In Situ is taken from Latin and means in one place. In meteorology, it refers to atmospheric measurements taken at the location of the entity being measured. The other way of measuring atmospheric entities is done using remote sensing. Remote sensing is when atmospheric measurements are taken by remote sensors that are far away from the locations they are taking readings. Weather Satellites are examples of remote sensors.
August 4, 2020
Rossby waves -
Also known as planetary waves. Rossby waves are a series of long-wavelength troughs and ridges that occur along the main branches of the jet stream. They form due to the rotation of the Earth and are an important way for the planet to distribute heat away from the equator as well as cold air from the poles.